State Labor Comparison

  • State
  • Is collective bargaining legal for government workers?
  • What items may be negotiated in collective bargaining?
  • How unions are certified
  • Do unions have a right to exclusive representation of workers?
  • Are there provisions for union release time?
  • Are there union membership opt-out windows?
  • Are union contract negotiations open to the public?
  • Is binding arbitration required during collective bargaining impasses?
  • Is there paycheck protection?
  • Right to Work
  • Legality of public worker strikes
  • Arizona
  • Yes
  • Not specified
  • Not specified
  • Yes
  • Written in union contracts
  • Not specified
  • Not specified
  • Not specified
  • Yes
  • Yes
  • Legal for some
  • Colorado
  • Yes
  • Wages, Hours, Fringe benefits, Other terms
  • Mandatory card check
  • Yes
  • Written in union contracts
  • Written in union contracts
  • May be closed
  • No
  • No
  • No
  • Legal for some
  • Kentucky
  • Yes
  • Wages, Hours, Fringe benefits, Other terms
  • Optional card check
  • Yes
  • Written in union contracts
  • Written in union contracts
  • Must be closed
  • No
  • Partial
  • Yes
  • Illegal
  • Oklahoma
  • Yes, required
  • Wages, Hours, Fringe benefits, Other terms
  • Mandatory card check, Secret ballot election only
  • Yes
  • Written in union contracts
  • Written in union contracts
  • May be closed
  • Yes, for some
  • Yes, for some
  • Yes
  • Illegal
  • West Virginia
  • Yes
  • Not specified
  • Not specified
  • No
  • Not specified
  • Not specified
  • Not specified
  • Not specified
  • No
  • Yes
  • Legal for some