Who killed Harrisburg?
That’s the question award-winning investigative reporter Chris Papst answers in his new book Capital Murder, which chronicles how Harrisburg became the only capital city in American history to file for bankruptcy.
The book is incredibly timely: Just last week, the home of former Harrisburg mayor Stephen Reed, who Papst calls the “head coach” of the team that presided over the city’s decline, was raided by agents from the state attorney general’s office in connection with a grand jury investigation into the city’s finances.
Listen to CF President Matt Brouillette’s conversation with Chris:
The dangers of unaccountable government, abuse of power, out of control debt, and blind trust in elected leaders are just a few of the lessons other cities should learn from Harrisburg’s unfortunate example.
The book is available in hardback and as a Kindle e-book at Amazon.com and is published by Sunbury Press.
Chris Papst now reports for WJLA in Washington D.C.
Follow Commonwealth Foundation’s SoundCloud stream for more of our audio content.
And for mobile listening, get the SoundCloud iPhone and Android apps.
Every Pennsylvanian’s share of state and local debt increased by 20 percent over the last twelve years. In 2002, per capita debt totaled $8,693. Today, the total is a shade under $10,450.
This trend must be reversed. Future generations should not be forced to shoulder the consequences of present-day overspending. A greater debt burden means a lower standard of living and quality of life.
|Pennsylvania State & Local Government Debt|
|Debtor||Debt Outstanding||Per Person|
|State Agencies & Authorities||$39,471,300,000||$3,087|
|Sources: Governor's Executive Budget (http://www.budget.state.pa.us) December 2014 data; PA Dept of Education (http://www.pde.state.pa.us) June 2013 data; U.S. Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov) 2012 data|
Acknowledging the importance of reining in state debt, a group of lawmakers introduced four pieces of legislation to begin chipping away at the nearly $134 billion behemoth. The following bills are the result of work done by the House GOP’s Debt Working Group:
- House Bill 928: Establishes annual borrowing limits on Redevelopment Assistance Capital Projects (RACP) and Public Improvement Projects (PIP).
- House Bill 929: Brings transparency to the debt issuance process by requiring the governor to provide a detailed report to the General Assembly describing the capital budget projects financed with debt.
- House Bill 930: Lowers the RACP debt ceiling by $50 million each year starting in 2018 until it reaches $2.95 billion in 2027. A similar reform passed back in 2013.
- House Bill 931: Requires legislative approval before entering into a leased-back debt or installment purchase agreement.
Earlier today, Senators Camera Bartolotta and Mike Folmer and Rep. Tim Krieger announced their intentions to usher in an era of fiscal responsibility with the Taxpayer Protection Act (TPA) and Taxpayer Protection Amendment.
The TPA would limit government spending to inflation and population growth. Any revenue above this cap would be used to pay down pension liabilities, replenish the "Rainy Day Fund," and provide tax relief to working Pennsylvanians. These reforms would shield families from out-of-control spending growth that hinders job creation, promotes "brain drain," and stymies personal income growth.
Since 1970, state government spending has risen nearly $14,000 per family, leaving residents with the tenth-highest tax burden in the country to pay for it all.
This gargantuan growth in government has not stimulated Pennsylvania's economy. Pennsylvania ranks a depressing 49th in job growth, a dubious 48th in population growth, and a dismal 45th in personal income growth since 1991.
Had TPA spending controls been in effect since 2003, taxpayers would have saved $28.7 billion over the past decade—or nearly $9,200 per family of four. The TPA is just one of many crucial steps that would move us toward a balanced budget and put Pennsylvania back on the road to prosperity.
CF's Nate Benefield commented:
It's time to protect Pennsylvanians' ability to live, work, and prosper within the commonwealth with the Taxpayer Protection Act
This year, Pennsylvania lawmakers have the formidable task of eliminating a projected $1.7 billion budget deficit. Bob Dick, a CF policy analyst, spoke with Gary Sutton about what can be done to step towards a balanced budget.
A crucial first step is protecting families and business from unfair tax increases. As Bob points out, the “tax burden on Pennsylvanians in general is the tenth highest in the country—adding more to that burden is just not fair, and it makes it harder for working families to make ends meet.”
Avoiding overspending—by cutting unnecessary burdens like corporate welfare—is another vital step in balancing the budget. Though it has proven to be an ineffective means to stimulate job growth, Pennsylvania tops the charts in corporate welfare.
Bob describes how eliminating this wasteful spending would save taxpayers around $675 million.
Listen to some of Bob’s interview with Gary Sutton on WSBA 910 AM as he describes balancing the budget in more detail:
The Gary Sutton Show airs daily on WSBA 910AM in the York area.
Follow Commonwealth Foundation’s SoundCloud stream for more of our audio content.
And for mobile listening, get the SoundCloud iPhone and Android apps.
Every man, woman and child in Pennsylvania owes just over $10,000 in state and local debt. Today, the state House made another positive step towards reducing that debt burden. HB 2420 passed the chamber on a 114-82 vote. A related bill, HB 2419 has advanced from committee and awaits a floor vote when the legislature is next in on October 6.
HB 2420, sponsored by Rep. Kerry Benninghoff, would reduce the state's borrowing for the RACP programs by $50 million each year beginning in 2018-19 until it reaches $2.95 billion. Last year, RACP's debt limit was reduced from $4.05 billion to $3.45 billion.
RACP allows taxpayer-backed borrowing for private projects, like sports stadiums and corporate headquarters. RACP has a long history of funding questionable projects such as the Arlen Specter Library, the bankrupt August Wilson Center in Pittsburgh and a $3 million grant to the Second Mile, the charity founded by convicted child molester Jerry Sandusky.
HB 2419 sponsored by Rep. Mike Turzai would cap the annual borrowing for new projects beginning in 2015-16. Specifically, the bill would cap:
- Redevelopment Assistance Capital Projects, known as RACP, at $125 million
- Flood Control Projects at $25 million
- Highway Projects at $25 million
- Public Improvement Projects at $350 million
- Transportation Assistance Projects at $175 million
House lawmakers should be commended for tackling Pennsylvania’s borrowing problem, and recognizing that RACP subsidies crowd out private investment and prevent broad-based tax reduction to stimulate job growth for all.
On the heels of Pennsylvania’s bond rating downgrade, House Majority Leader Mike Turzai has declared his intention to ease Pennsylvanians’ debt burden. This represents a necessary step towards restoring Pennsylvania’s fiscal health and credit rating.
According to the Standard Speaker, Rep. Turzai proposes capping annual spending on public improvement and flood control projects with the goal of reducing annual interest payments made on the state's debt obligations. This proposal should be applauded, as the state and local debt burden exceeds $10,000 per resident and debt payments have been one of the fast growing areas of state spending. Debt payments from the General Fund Budget exceed $1 billion per year, nearly triple what it was 12 years ago.
The move is both pro-taxpayer and pro-economic growth. By easing the debt burden, lawmakers can avoid increasing taxes to pay for mounting debt obligations. Equally important, investors and businesses will be more willing to invest and grow in the state, leading to more jobs.
Last October, the General Assembly lowered the state’s debt ceiling for the RACP program by $600 million during a time when politicians in Washington were voting to raise the national debt ceiling. At that time, we noted how refreshing it was to see lawmakers move to protect taxpayers; the same can be said again with Rep. Turzai’s current proposal.
For the third time in two years, a major bond rating agency gave Pennsylvania a downgrade.
The most recent downgrade, courtesy of Moody’s, has real implications for taxpayers. Moody's points to "one-time measures", a "structural impalance," and "large and growing pension liabilities" as reasons for their downgrade.
This has been a long time coming. For seven straight years—dating back to the Rendell administration and reliance on temporary stimulus funds—Pennsylvania has spent more than revenue. The most recent state budget, while avoiding raising taxes and doing well to keep spending under the rate of inflation and population growth, did not fully fix this structural deficit.
In addition, past decision combined with poor investment performance have resulted in a massive, and still growing, unfunded pension liability. This pension liability and lack of meaningful reform was the primary impetus for Moody’s downgrade.
Due to the downgrade, creditors may require higher interest rates for state and local debt, leaving you to pick up the tab. This threatens taxpayers with future tax increases, and makes Pennsylvania a less attractive state for investment or new businesses.
Moreover, neglecting pension reform could result in the commonwealth, not to mention cities that have their own pension problems, facing Detroit-like insolvency. This month, Detroit workers and retirees voted to accept a 4.5 percent cut in their pension benefits. Such a cut—particularly for retirees—used to be unthinkable in the public sector. But today's pension crisis represents a triple threat to state and local governments, taxpayers, and employees.
But Detroit's fate need not be our destiny. By continuing to practice fiscal restraint and addressing long-term cost-drivers via meaningful reform, we can build a Prosperous Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvanians are losing economic freedom according to the Fraser Institute’s annual report, Economic Freedom of North America 2013. The commonwealth is slowly losing ground ranking 33rd in 2009 and dropping to 40th in the latest study.
The index measures the limitations on economic freedom imposed by all levels of government in the 50 U.S. states and 10 Canadian provinces under three broad categories. Pennsylvania performs poorly in each category:
- Size of government: 48th
- Takings and discriminatory wealth redistribution: 34th
- Labor market freedom: 24th
There are several reasons for Pennsylvania’s abysmal performance. Chief among them is Pennsylvania's growing debt and spending, which has created $47 billion in unfunded pension debt and an estimated $1.2 to $1.4 billion budget deficit.
If policymakers want to improve the lives of Pennsylvanians, focus should be on increasing economic freedom and opportunity by enacting pension reform, slowing the growth of overall spending and reducing the size of government.
For more on how to accomplish these goals, check out our newest report: Blueprint for a Prosperous Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania ranks 42nd in overall fiscal condition, according to a report by Sarah Arnett of the Mercatus Center. The report, State Fiscal Condition: Ranking the 50 States, analyzes states' abilities to meet their financial obligations.
Dr. Arnett uses four indices to determine state rankings: cash solvency, budget solvency to cover near-term bills, long-term solvency, and service-level solvency to provide residents with an adequate level of services. Due to low rankings in all four categories, Pennsylvania comes among the bottom 10 states in the overall fiscal condition.
Top performing states matched revenues and expenses, allowing them to pay short term bills and construct strategies for managing long-term liabilities. In contrast, bottom performing states have mismanaged at least one fiscal condition. More specifically, decades of irresponsible bond issuance, underfunded pension systems, rising health-care costs, and the appearance of balanced budgets—in short, poor financial management decisions on top of bad economic conditions—have harmed these states fiscal conditions.
Pennsylvania is guilty on each of these counts.
- The Independent Fiscal Office warns that federal stimulus dollars and reserves are running dry, yet state spending has reached an all-time high, surpassing $66 billion, an inflation-adjusted increase of $12,655 per family of four (or $3,163 more per resident).
- Combined state and local debt has reached $125 billion.
- Unfunded pension liabilities between the state’s two public pension systems total $47 billion.
- Both Fitch Ratings and Moody's have downgraded Pennsylvania’s bond ratings, citing pension liabilities and limited reserves.
Already ranking 10th highest in the nation in state and local tax burdens, Pennsylvania's bills are coming due, and absent reform, the burden on taxpayers will only get heavier.
The time has come to heed these warnings as our state leans further and further off the fiscal precipice.
Pennsylvania's fiscal outlook looks bleak according to a detailed report examining state revenue and spending released by the Independent Fiscal Office (IFO) last week.
The agency projects a general fund budget deficit every year for the next five years. In 2018-19, the IFO projects a budget deficit of almost $2.1 billion. To make matters worse, these projections assume an improvement in economic conditions, which would mean more tax revenue to help pay for state government’s ever-growing expenditures. But such an improvement is far from certain.
This budget shortfall is not a new problem, but one caused by years of overspending. State general fund spending has exceeded state revenue for six consecutive years. This overspending was made possible through federal stimulus funds, along with using the "Rainy Day Fund," and transferring more than $3 billion from other funds for one-time revenue.
The report hits on the two main causes of Pennsylvania’s structural fiscal problems: welfare spending and employee compensation. Recent news reports have brought renewed attention to the rampant waste and fraud in welfare spending. Lawmakers cannot begin addressing our fiscal cliff without taking steps to address abuses and enacting reforms to mend our safety net.
Further, increases in most areas of the state budget will be dwarfed by massive increases in state pension contributions. The report projects state pension contributions will increase from $1.4 billion to almost $3.4 billion, an increase of nearly 143%. This is why pension reform is critical.
Lawmakers must begin to rein in this out-of-control-spending, as these spending trends are unsustainable, and taxpayers—already burdened with the 10th highest state taxes—cannot be asked to simply pay more.
Total Records: 68
Who are We?
The Commonwealth Foundation is Pennsylvania's free-market think tank. The Commonwealth Foundation transforms free-market ideas into public policies so all Pennsylvanians can flourish.